Showing posts sorted by relevance for query trotsky. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query trotsky. Sort by date Show all posts

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Happy Upcoming Birthday, Lev Davidovich!

Trotsky by Diego Rivera - GS

На воссозданной фреске Ленин по прежнему на своем месте. К нему Ривера добавил Льва Троцкого (на тот момент уже изгнанного из Советского Союза), держащего в руках флаг 4-го Интернационала и стоящего плечом к плечу с Марксом и Энгельсом. 

Mike Nova comments: 

I came across this pic and the article incidentally, although I did read and knew about this story before.  

I am not a Trotskyite,  a leftist, "a pinky" or a "commie" (not at all!); I think I am too independent minded for all of this. However I am interested in Trotsky as a historical figure and as a person: a truly tragic hero of Russian history (and many people were and are interested in him as such, among them Tony Blair). November 7 is his birthday (the same day as the "official date" of Russian "October Revolution" of 1917). He was and still is hated by many (even his ashes were recently stolen and consumed in cookies by his enemies) and he was truly loved by a few. His main antipode, detractor and mortal enemy was J. Stalin, who did eventually arrange his assassination with the hands of Abwehr: it was in the interests of both. They called Trotsky "The Lover of Russian Revolution", he was a true romantic, very good writer (one of his revolutionary nicknames was "The Quill" - "Перо") and thinker and at the same time a very practical man, and very ruthless, even cruel, when he felt it was a need for this. But never without a reason, just for a cruelty sake; in difference with sadistic and deeply, although artfully camouflaged, coward Stalin, whom Trotsky tried to understand and to unmask. Their antagonism and life and death ideological and personal struggle still is not explored sufficiently and in-depth, but it is very important for our understanding of modern Russian history, and probably is one of the key aspects of it. 
Whatever our attitude, interpretation and understanding of this historical figure and his times are, it is difficult for me, just like for many others, to avoid a deep interest in and a fascination with him. 

Happy Upcoming Birthday, Lev Davidovich! 

Leon Trotsky - GS 

Leon Trotsky with Frida Kahlo
Trotsky (with glasses) pictured next to Frida Kahlo on arriving in Mexico in 1937. Photograph: © Bettmann/Corbis

leon trotsky assassination Abwehr - GS 

Nazi connections in Mexico enabled Trotsky's assassination
An excerpt from the book "Los Nazis en Mexico", by Juan Alberto Cedillo
By Michael Parker-Stainback
Original Print Publication: February, 2008

Juan Alberto Cedillo stumbled upon a surprising piece of information in 1986, while conducting research in the National Archives in Washington, D.C.: Nazi secret police had collaborated with Stalin’s men to assassinate Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán, Mexico City. He began to wonder: just how active were the Nazis in Mexico in the period leading up to and during World War II? The answer, it turns out, is “very.” Last year Cedillo published a fascinating book on the subject (Los Nazis en México, Debate, 2007). Though the book has not been published in English, Inside México has translated and condensed the epilogue, which relates the bizarre plot to bump off Trotsky. If you read Spanish, we recommend the entire book.

On August 20 1940, Leon Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City. His murder was planned by a special Soviet intelligence unit created to eliminate Stalin’s enemies abroad.

The Mexican secret service, aware of what was transpiring, didn’t merely complicate the operation; it caused the Russian agents to modify their plans. The Soviet operation had to call on new allies to help carry out its mission. Russian agents approached both the Gestapo [Nazi secret police] and the Abwehr [the German intelligence agency between 1921-1944], whose operatives circulated freely in Mexico City, cloaked by associations forged in corridors of power and money. Nazi agents were key to the Russian revolutionary’s murder.

One year before Trotsky’s death, on August 23, 1939, German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and his Soviet counterpart, Vyacheslav Molotov, signed the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. The pact brought both countries’ overseas agents closer together and allowed for the exchange of classified dispatches. By April 1940, the American embassy in Mexico had confirmed the existence of this undesirable alliance to Washington.

Inside Mexico-Nazi connections in Mexico enabled Trotsky's assassination

Stalin got Nazis help to assassinate Leon Trotsky. In fact Communists and Nazis were allies, both in America and Mexico. In the end, Communists and Nazis are not different from each other.

Nazis Germany was the biggest consumer of Mexican oil, since Allies stopped supplying oil to the Third Reich. 

Leon Trotsky - From Wikipedia

Leon Trotsky
Trotsky Portrait.jpg
Trotsky in 1921
People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR
In office
8 November 1917 – 13 March 1918
PremierVladimir Lenin
Preceded byMikhail Tereshchenko
Succeeded byGeorgy Chicherin
People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the Soviet Union
In office
29 August 1919 – 15 January 1925
PremierVladimir Lenin
Alexey Rykov
Preceded byLev Kamenev
Succeeded byMikhail Frunze
President of the Petrograd Soviet
In office
8 October 1917 – 8 November 1917
Personal details
BornLev (Leiba) Davidovich Bronshtein
7 November 1879
near YelizavetgradKherson GovernorateRussian Empire
Died21 August 1940 (aged 60) (assassinated)
CoyoacánDF, Mexico
Political partyRSDLPSDPSCommunist Party of the Soviet UnionLeft OppositionIV International
Spouse(s)Aleksandra Sokolovskaya
Natalia Sedova
ReligionNone (atheist)
Leon Trotsky[a] (RussianЛев Дави́дович Тро́цкийpronounced [ˈlʲef ˈtrot͡skʲɪj] ( listen); born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein;[b] 7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army.
Trotsky was initially a supporter of the Menshevik Internationalists faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. He joined the Bolsheviksimmediately prior to the 1917 October Revolution, and eventually became a leader within the Party. During the early days of the Soviet Union, he served first as People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs and later as the founder and commander of the Red Army as People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs. He was a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War (1918–20). He was also among the first members of thePolitburo.
After leading a failed struggle of the Left Opposition against the policies and rise of Joseph Stalin in the 1920s and the increasing role of bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky was successively removed from power in 1927, expelled from the Communist Party, and finally deported from the Soviet Union in 1929. As the head of the Fourth International, Trotsky continued in exile in Mexico to oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union. An early advocate of Red Army intervention against European fascism,[1] in the late 1930s, Trotsky opposed Stalin's non-aggression pact with Adolf Hitler. He was assassinated on Stalin's orders in Mexico, by Ramón Mercader, a Spanish-born Soviet agent in August 1940.[2] (Most of his family members were also killed in separate attacks.)
Trotsky's ideas were the basis of Trotskyism, a major school of Marxist thought that is opposed to the theories of Stalinism. He was one of the few Soviet political figures who were not rehabilitated by the government under Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s. In the late 1980s, his books were released for publication in the Soviet Union.

Monday, October 21, 2013

...The right to bread and song: Не гляди на меня с упреком, Я презренья к тебе не таю...

Mike Nova comments: 

Вот это у человека - чалма так чалма! С благородными корнями. А у тебя что? Один кошмар: ни себе ни людям. И вообще: 

"Не гляди на меня с упреком, Я презренья к тебе не таю..."

    ("Не гляди на меня с упреком")

    Не гляди на меня с упреком,
    Я презренья к тебе не таю,
    Но люблю я твой взор с поволокой
    И лукавую кротость твою.

    Да, ты кажешься мне распростертой,
    И, пожалуй, увидеть я рад,
    Как лиса, притворившись мертвой,
    Ловит воронов и воронят.

    Ну, и что же, лови, я не струшу.
    Только как бы твой пыл не погас?
    На мою охладевшую душу
    Натыкались такие не раз.

    Не тебя я люблю, дорогая,
    Ты лишь отзвук, лишь только тень.
    Мне в лице твоем снится другая,
    У которой глаза - голубень.

    Пусть она и не выглядит кроткой
    И, пожалуй, на вид холодна,
    Но она величавой походкой
    Всколыхнула мне душу до дна.

    Вот такую едва ль отуманишь,
    И не хочешь пойти, да пойдешь,
    Ну, а ты даже в сердце не вранишь
    Напоенную ласкою ложь.

    Но и все же, тебя презирая,
    Я смущенно откроюсь навек:
    Если б не было ада и рая,
    Их бы выдумал сам человек.

    1 декабря 1925

      Сергей Александрович Есенин родился в сентябре 1895 г. в селе Константиново Рязанской губернии в семье зажиточных крестьян. Детство его прошло в доме деда Федора Титова, куда мать вернулась в 1899 г., после того как временно разошлась с мужем. В 1904 г. Есенина отдали в Константиновское земское четырехгодичное училище, а в 1909-м отправили продолжать учение во второклассную церковно-учительскую Спас-Клепиковскую школу. В 1912 г., по окончании школы, он уехал в Москву с твердым намерением посвятить себя стихотворству. В 1913 г. Есенин устроился работать в типографию Сытина - сначала грузчиком, а потом корректором.
    Сергей Есенин очень не любил, когда его называли поэтом "из низов". Он всегда говорил: "Я просто поэт". Деревенский юноша с копной золотых волос и васильковыми глазами эстетствующие окололитературные слои еще долго воспринимали как простачка. Александр Блок горячо поддержал юное дарование, и вскоре Есенина стали печатать во всех передовых литературных журналах. В литературных кругах постоянно обсуждалась и личная жизнь Есенина, связанные с ним скандалы, дебоши. Есенин, очень любивший розыгрыши, с удовольствием играл роль гуляки, выпивохи и драчуна.

    О романе Есенина с Дункан написаны сотни томов. Делались многочисленные попытки разгадать тайну отношений этих двух таких не похожих друг на друга людей. Но была ли тайна? Всю жизнь Есенин, в детстве лишенный настоящей дружной семьи (его родители постоянно ссорились, часто жили врозь, Сергей рос у бабушки с дедушкой по матери), мечтал о семейном уюте и покое. Он постоянно говорил, что женится на такой артистке - все рот разинут, и будет иметь сына, который станет знаменитей, чем он. Понятно, что Дункан, бывшая старше Есенина на 18 лет и постоянно разъезжавшая с гастролями, никак не могла создать ему семью, о которой он мечтал. К тому же, Есенин, как только оказывался в браке, стремился разорвать сковывавшие его путы.

    В конце декабря 1925 Есенин приезжает из Москвы в Ленинград. В ночь на 28 декабря в гостинице "Англетер" 

    Тело Есенина было перевезено в Москву для захоронения на Ваганьковском кладбище. Похороны были грандиозные. По свидетельству современников, так не хоронили ни одного русского поэта. 


    Yesenin and Trotsky - GS 

    "Let us prepare the future, let us win for every being the right to bread and song."

    Yesenin and Stalin - GS

    Mike Nova comments: The death of the famous Russian poet Sergey Yesenin, which was most likely, as it is noted in this brief bio sketch above, a murder by the Russian Secret Services at that time, in 1925, still remains a tantalizing mystery and one of the darkest spots of modern Russian history. The year of 1925 was a time of intense power struggle between L. Trotsky and J. Stalin, or rather and more correct, a watershed year which marked the Trotsky's irreversible (as the future events showed: he was exiled four years later and murdered himself sixteen years later) political defeat and Stalin's also irreversible political ascendance, achieved, among other tools and factors by him gaining the firm control of Secret Services, the CheKa, or, later the NKVD and the KGB. Trotsky was not interested in this control, although he was one of the chief architects and founding fathers (just like of many other post-1917-revolution institutes of the new state) of these services in early 1920-s. He probably felt that he was above it and that his position in the revolutionary hierarchy is indisputable and unshakable, (with characteristic for him "political arrogance", for the lack of the better and more precise term) and secondary only to Lenin, who, by the way, felt intensely competitive with Trotsky, just like almost with everyone else, especially in his final years, marked by the severe illness and personal and political decline of his powers. 
    Yesenin was a protege and a favorite of Trotsky, who, being the first rate literary critic in his own right, valued Yesenin from aesthetic point of view, as a very gifted poet. Trotsky promoted Yesenin as a poet and tried to help him in his personal life, for example by giving him the travel documents to go abroad with Icedora Duncan after their marriage. Stalin viewed Yesenin mostly from his (rather limited and primitive) "ideological perspectives" and hated him because he viewed him as a "peasant poet". Just a few years later Stalin waged a real war against Russian peasantry because he perceived them as the "class enemy" and tried to subdue and even "eliminate" them "as class". 
    1925 was also the year of the VKP(b) - Russian Communist Party historical 14-th Congress, which cemented Stalin's political victory. The murder of Yesenin (unproven, but in these days broadly assumed), besides the value of "eliminating the political and ideological enemy", had also a deep symbolic meaning for him and his allies: it was a demonstration of his indisputable and final victory over Trotsky and his allies and others: his former co-triumvirs Zinovyev and Kamenev, who now were turned into his defeated rivals also.
    This my personal interpretation of these events. I am not a professional historian by far, of course, just tried to read about them and to understand them. 
    The point is that this story about Yesenin and his death still remains one of the modern Russian history many, many blind spots. The truth about them was suppressed for years and decades and even now it is revealed only very partially and incompletely. 
    I say: open the archives on these past, by now almost hundred years old events completely and fully, make them available to the public on the Internet, let the professional historians in Russia and abroad study them carefully and tell us the truth or their versions of historical truths. 
    The brief "thaw", when some archives were briefly opened after Gorbachev's "perestroika" turned into the deep winter freeze again, with Putin's gradual but relentless "tightening of the screws" course: he is also the careful "master of dosages", just like his historical predecessor Stalin. 
    It seems to me, that without the historical truths been explored in depth and layed  out as honestly and clearly as possible, the old wounds will never heal and Russia will never get better and healthier as the state, as the society and as the culture. 
    Mitrokhin files might be just a drop in the bucket.
    And why, Mr. Putin and Co., wouldn't you do it, ah? R-e-a-h-h-h-l-l-y?!

    Links and References: 

    Trotsky and Stalin - GS

    trotsky and stalin comparison - GS

    trotsky and stalin rivals - GS

    trotsky and stalin russian revolution - GS

    See also other search items under the general heading "Trotsky and Stalin - GS"

    trotsky literary criticism - GS

    trotsky as literary critic - GS

    "Yessenin And The Imagists" - by Leon Trotsky from 

    "Literature and Revolution"


    Yessenin (and the entire group of Imagists – Marienhof, Shershenevich, Kusikov) stand somewhere at the crossing of the road between Kliuev and Mayakovsky. Yessenin’s roots are in the village, but not so deep as those of Kliuev. Yessenin is younger. He became a poet at the time when the village was shaken up by the Revolution, when Russia was shaken up. Kliuev was formed entirely in the pre-War years, and he responded to the War and to the Revolution only within the limits of his backwoods conservatism. Yessenin is not only younger but also more flexible, more plastic, more open to influences and to possibilities. Even his peasant underpinnings are not the same as those of Kliuev; Yessenin has neither Kliuev’s solidity, nor his somber and pompous sedateness. Yessenin boasts that he is arrogant and a hooligan. But if the truth must be told, his arrogance, even his purely literary arrogance (The Confession) is not so terrible. Still, Yessenin is undoubtedly the reflection of the pre-revolutionary and revolutionary spirit of the peasant youth whom the disturbed life of the village has driven to arrogance and turbulence.

    The city has told on Yessenin more sharply and clearly than on Kliuev. Here is the point where the undoubted influences of Futurism come in. Yessenin is more dynamic, to the extent that he is more nervous, more flexible, more responsive to the new. But Imagism is the reverse of dynamics. The self-sufficient meaning of the image is bought at the expense of the whole; the parts become separated and cold.

    It is said incorrectly that the abundant imagery of the Imagist Yessenin flows from his individual tenderness. As a matter of fact, we find the same traits in Kliuev. His verses are weighted down with an imagery which is even more isolated and immobile. At bottom, this is not an individual, but a peasant aesthetics. The poetry of the repetitive forms of life has at bottom little mobility and seeks a way out in condensed imagery.

    At any rate, Imagism is overladen to such an extent with images that its poetry seems like a beast of burden and therefore slow in its movements. An abundance of imagery is not in itself an evidence of creative power; on the contrary, it may arise out of the technical immaturity of a poet who is caught unawares by events and feelings which are artistically too much for him. The poet almost chokes with images and the reader feels as nervously impatient to get on as fast as possible to the end as when one listens to a stuttering speaker. In any case, Imagism is not a literary school from which one can expect serious developments. Even the tardy arrogance of Kusikov (“the West at which we Imagists sneeze”) seems curious and not even amusing. Imagism is perhaps only a stopping point for a few poets of the younger generation who are more or less talented, but who resemble one another in one thing only, that they are all still unripe.

    Yessenin’s effort to construct a big work by the Imagist method has proved inadequate in Pugachev. And this is so regardless of the fact that the author has unloaded his heavy imagery quite considerably and stealthily. The dialogue nature of Pugachev got the better of the poet rather mercilessly. The drama in general is a most transparent and unyielding form of art; it has no room for descriptive and narrative patches, or for lyric outbursts. Through the dialogue, Vessenin came out into clear waters. Emelka Pugachev, and his enemies and his colleagues, are all without exception Imagists. And Pugachev himself is Sergey Yessenin from top to toe: he wants to be terrible, but he cannot. Yessenin’s Pugachev is a sentimental romantic. When Yessenin introduces himself as a somewhat bloodthirsty hooligan, it is amusing; but when Pugachev expresses himself like a romantic, burdened with imagery, it is worse. The Imagist Pugachev becomes a bit ridiculous.

    Though Imagism, having hardly existed, is gone already, Yessenin himself is still of the future. To foreign journalists he declared himself more left than the Bolsheviks. This is in the natural order of things, and frightens no one. At present Yessenin, the poet, who may be more left than we sinners, but who smells none the less of medievalism, has begun his “wander-years”, and he will not return the same as he went. But we will not surmise. When he returns, he will tell us himself.

    Literature and Revolution - From Wikipedia 

    Literature and Revolution is a classic work of literary criticism from the Marxist standpoint written by Leon Trotsky in 1924. By discussing the various literary trends that were around in Russia between the revolutions of 1905 and 1917 Trotsky analysed the concrete forces in society, both progressive as well as reactionary, that helped shape the consciousness of writers at the time.
    In the book Trotsky also explained that since the dawn of civilisation art had always borne the stamp of the ruling class and was primarily a vehicle that expressed its tastes and its sensibilities. Nonetheless he went on to argue against the seemingly obvious conclusion that after a proletarian revolution the proletariat as ruling class should therefore strive to create its own proletarian art as many at the time thought.

    Mike Nova comments: 

    Soviet Russia, its mentality and ideology were shaped to a significant degree by Trotsky and his thought which was later appropriated (simply speaking, stolen, as their criminal habit always was and still is, in its today forms and modalities) and misappropriated, vulgarised and perverted to almost its caricature opposite form and content by Stalinists and later post-Stalinists, including Putinistas. Therefore, if we really attempt to understand modern Russia and its mentality we should also try to understand one of its sources: Trotsky and his thinking and also his literary criticism, which by the way is quite easy and pleasurable reading: he was called "The Quill" definitely for a reason. 
    The general point is that modern Russia does not really know and does not really understand its immediate history, the public is still fed the sanitized and neutered version of it, and Putin's attempt and course at sanitizing it further and covering up the blind and expunged from the collective memory spots does the further and very serious and dangerous disservice to the spirit, culture and collective soul of his country. 

    » New Way of Teaching History to Be Finalized by Next Month
    23/10/13 17:43 from The Moscow Times Top Stories
    Government officials, lawmakers and education officials will finalize changes to the way history is taught in schools by Nov. 1, State Duma Deputy Speaker Lyudmila Shvetsova said Wednesday outside a roundtable discussing new state textbo...

    putin and teaching of history - GS 

    1. Russian Schools to Teach Putin's Version of History - Bloomberg

      Jun 18, 2013 - Like Josef Stalin before him, Russian President Vladimir Putin has decided that schoolchildren are confronted with too many versions of their ...
    2. Russian Schools to Teach Putin’s Version of History

      Like Josef Stalin before him, Russian President Vladimir Putin has decided that schoolchildren are confronted with too many versions of their country’s history.
      So he’s planning to provide his own.
      This week, the newspaper Vedomosti published a document in which government officials set out guidelines for a definitive series of history textbooks, meant to replace the myriad texts currently being used in Russian schools. Under Putin’s orders, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Historical Society must submit proposals for the official books by November 1, after a public discussion period.
      History has always been a political issue in Russia. In the 1980s, the Soviet Union was arguably undermined as much by a flood of public revelations about Stalin’s purges as by falling energy prices. Now, as Putin works to establish a new Russian ideology, based on Orthodox Christian values and a sense of national pride, he needs his own official version of history for the classroom.
      “This is a battle for the future,” eminent historian Yuri Pivovarov told TV Dozhd. “What version of the past we get will determine our future.”
      Judging from the guidelines, the official version of history will hew close to Putin’s. For example, they paint a stark picture of the rule of Russia’s first president, Boris Yeltsin: “By the end of the 1990s the country started losing manageability. A crisis of central authority was exacerbated by economic failures, rapid changes of government and a war in Chechnya. Public discontent and separatist sentiment in the regions grew. The integrity of the country was at stake.”
      The section on Putin, who took over from Yeltsin in 2000, glosses over some important episodes. It makes no mention of a second war in Chechnya and describes the economic crisis of 2008 and 2009 as a “tactical correction in socioeconomic development.”
      It’s possible that the Putin section won’t make it to the final version. Two government ministers have said they favor ending the textbooks in 2000. As Culture Minister Vladimir Medinsky put it, under the Romanovs “the textbooks only mentioned the previous emperor.”
      The guidelines also attempt to paint a “balanced” picture of Stalin’s rule. They describe Stalin as a modernizer who brought about Russia’s ultra-fast industrialization, laid the foundation for the Soviet Union’s scientific achievements and its victory in World War II, but also orchestrated mass purges “to liquidate a potential fifth column” and used forced labor to achieve an economic breakthrough.
      The soft-lens picture of Stalin is consistent with some of Putin’s utterances on the tyrant. “I very much doubt that had Stalin had the atomic bomb in the spring of 1945, he would have used it on Germany,” Putin said during a recent visit to the state-owned Russia Today TV station.
      In the 1930s, Stalin presided over his own effort to craft a version of Russia’s 1,000-year history. He personally edited textbooks, painstakingly marking up manuscripts with a pencil and criticizing academic working groups for ideological lapses. The exercise culminated in the publication, in 1938, of the “Short Course of the History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union,” a chiseled propaganda masterpiece for which Stalin wrote a chapter on Marxist philosophy.
      Until the demise of the Soviet Union, all history books were based on Stalin’s structure, terminology and interpretations, slightly modified by the dictator in charge at the time. Yeltsin allowed multiple history textbooks that needed to be vetted only by the Education Ministry. Teachers could choose freely which book or books to use in class.
      Would a single textbook be a totalitarian throwback? Not at all, according to Putin: “It is the teacher’s business to bring it to the students’ attention that there are divergent views of such and such an event.”
      The real problem, according to Putin, is the lack of an official version of events. “Without an official assessment there will be no backbone of understanding what happened to our nation in the past decades and centuries,” he said during a call-in session with voters in April. “Last year, we had 41 recommended 10th grade history textbooks, this year we have 65. Is that normal?”
      The guidelines have already provoked harsh reactions. The popular nationalist blog Sputnik and Pogrom slammed them for being too soft on Stalin: “The ’new education standard’ illustrates the disgusting things that can replace historical memory if the people (or the ruling Soviet elites) refuse to talk honestly and frankly about their past.”
      The outcome probably won’t please anyone. Given the amount of disagreement that exists among Russians over the interpretation and even the facts of their history, it may be impossible to write a single fair and balanced text.
      “We live in transitional times. So the textbook and the standard approach to history can only, of necessity, be transitional,” political scientist Dmitri Oreshkin told Echo Moscow radio. “The only thing we can hope for now is a departure from the Soviet tradition of direct lies and historical falsification.”
      To be fair, the new guidelines are an improvement on the Stalin textbooks. Still, I’ll miss the heedless pluralism of the Yeltsin era. In Russia, teaching dozens of versions of national history may be the only honest approach.
      (Leonid Bershidsky, an editor and novelist, is Moscow correspondent for World View. Opinions expressed are his own.)
      To contact the writer of this article:
      To contact the editor responsible for this article: Mark Whitehouse

      Vladimir Putin to have entire chapter on him in Russian history book ... › News › World News › Vladimir Putin

      Sep 23, 2013 - In 2007, controversy broke out after Mr Putin endorsed a manual for history teachers justifying Stalin's dictatorship as necessary and promoting ...

    3. Russia Needs Standard Approach to Teaching History - Putin ...

      Mar 29, 2013 - ROSTOV-ON-DON, March 29 (RIA Novosti) – 

      President Vladimir Putin said that Russia needs a unified, standard approach to teaching history ...

    M.N.: And this is just one of the most recent examples at hand: 

    » Europe court criticises Russia over Katyn massacre inquiry - BBC News
    21/10/13 13:15 from Russia - Google News

    BBC NewsEurope court criticises Russia over Katyn massacre inquiry BBC NewsThe European Court of Human Rights says Russia has failed to explain why it kept key files secret when it investigated the 1940 Katyn massacre of more than 20,000 ...


    14th congress russian communist party - GS

    14th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    The 14th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) was held during 18-31 December 1925 in Moscow.
    This congress was marked by the struggle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky for control of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

    External links[edit]


    Mike Nova comments: Mr. Lavrov, Da Me Una Sonrisa, Por Favor. 
    You look so solemn and scary, I am going to faint. 

    1. Lavrov: 6-9 months enough to resolve Iran nuclear issue ... - › Russian politics › Official word

      Oct 8, 2013
      Six to nine months of cooperation between Iran and International Atomic Energy Agency, aided by talks ...


    Full coverage - G News

    Vladimir Putin's aide denies rumours of President marrying ex-Olympic gymnast ...

    Daily News & Analysis - ‎Sep 23, 2013‎
    Spokesman Dmitry Peskov dismissed the suggestions in a TV interview, calling the rumours 'Internet exercises out of boredom'. Russian President Vladimir Putin's spokesman has denied claims that the head of the country has married a former Olympic ...

    Putin's spokesman forced to deny marriage rumor

    Fox News - ‎Sep 22, 2013‎
    A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin has been forced to deny rumors that the recently divorced Russian leader had tied the knot with a former rhythmic gymnast who is half his age. Rumors had spread on Twitter and other social networks ...

    Mike Nova comments: If Mr. Peskov denies it, then it MUST be the truth.

    Russia's Anti-American Foreign Policy

    Wall Street Journal - ‎Sep 22, 2013‎
    The difference in values between the U.S. and Russia—and the subordination of Russian foreign policy to the personal interests of the members of a corrupt regime—should have been obvious to the Obama administration from the beginning. But it did ...

    Putin at centre of marriage mystery: Kremlin denies claims Russian President ...

    Daily Mail - ‎Sep 21, 2013‎
    The Kremlin was forced to deny claims yesterday that Vladimir Putin has married former Olympic gymnast Alina Kabayeva. Rumours that the recently divorced Russian president was marrying in the town of Valdai swept the internet. Alexei Navalny, Putin's ...

    Inside the mind of Vladimir Putin

    CNN (blog) - ‎Sep 21, 2013‎
    She's an expert on Russia's elites and its political system. For 23 years she headed the Department of Elite Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences and now is director general of the research center “Kryshtanovskaya Laboratory.” When Kryshtanovskaya ...

    Putin wants to diminish the U.S. and Obama - ‎Sep 25, 2013‎
    Putin is deeply committed to winning, to beating Obama like a rented mule, to diminishing the United States, exacting a little revenge for all America did to undermine the Soviet empire, and for inviting former members of the Soviet bloc to join NATO after the ...

    Kremlin denies rumors that Vladimir Putin was remarried - ‎Sep 23, 2013‎
    MOSCOW, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- Russian President Vladimir Putin's spokesman has denied rumors that the president was remarried in a private ceremony at a monastery in central Russia. A Twitter user sparked the rumor Saturday by saying Putin, who was ...

    Kremlin Denies Rumors About Putin Remarriage

    RTT News - ‎Sep 22, 2013‎
    The Kremlin has denied online rumors that President Vladimir Putin remarried in a church ceremony at a secluded monastery in central Russia. A Twitter message that swept through social networks claimed that Putin, who divorced three months ago, tied the ...

    Putin remarriage tweets "exercises from boredom" - spokesman

    Interfax-Religion - ‎Sep 22, 2013‎
    Moscow, September 23, Interfax - Twitter messages on Saturday that President Vladimir Putin, who divorced in June, has remarried in a church ceremony in Russia's Valdai area, are "Saturday Internet exercises from boredom," his spokesman Dmitry Peskov ...

    Kremlin Denies That Putin Just Married A Former Gymnast

    SportsGrid - ‎Sep 22, 2013‎
    We wrote about this back in July, when Russian president Vladimir Putin took his wife to the opera, then in the lobby afterward announced that they were getting a divorce. No one was surprised. He became the first Russian leader to get a divorce since Peter ...